Friday, October 11, 2013

Kunene Genetic Survey: 15-25 October 2013

Setting nets in the Kunene river

Another leg of the Genetic Survey of fish in the Kunene river will take place from 15 to 25 October 2013 at the Kunene river mouth. Mr. Burger (Deputy Director: Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture) and Stefanus Voges will  participate in the survey for the MFMR. Professor Herman Van der Bank from the University of Johannesburg will be the collaborating PI.

Read more about the previous survey that was conducted in the upper Kunene during July 2013 at:

KIFI Research Meeting: 10 October 2013

Researchers from Kamutjonga Inland Fisheries Institute met Thursday morning , 10 October 2013 at the KIFI boardroom. The purpose of the meeting was to innitiate the development of comprehensive programmes for Inland Fisheries Surveys (nationally) and Aquaculture (KIFI) that will guide the implementation of these crucial functions on an annual basis.

Mr. Burger reiterated the importance of programmes for proper management  and the advancement of research. It will also give a timeline approach with regard to implementation of activities and reporting on those activities. Operational issues like procurement for the lab and equipment for aquaculture and inland fisheries surveys must be included in the overall research management calender. A procurement list for the lab will be developed by researchers. This will allow research staff to implement water quality and fish health tests on a continious basis in line with the programmes.

 A large site map of KIFI with descriptive text boxes under each facility will be developed and displayed at the KIFI reception along with the aquaculture management calender and inland survey programme. This will give an exact description of what is happening at KIFI on a daily basis. 

Inland Fisheries Programme:

A survey schedule for all the inland rivers and water bodies has already been developed and is available on the survey schedule page of this website. The meeting deliberated the establishment of 3 to 4 teams to conduct these surveys. The teams will be composed out of researchers from all IAC's (Inland Aquaculture Centers) teams will conduct surveys on a rotational system that will allow all the different teams to be eventually  exposed to all the different surveys (Zambezi, Kavango, Kunene, Lake Liambezi, Orange river etc).  This will allow all researchers to gain experience with the different surveys and data analyses that goes with it. A specific teams cannot partake in a survey if the data from the previous survey was not submitted.

The programme will also make provision for an Inland Fisheries Status Report that will be developed on an annual basis in consultation with stakeholders like the University of  Namibia  and Namibia Nature Foundation (NNF).

The final survey programme will be available during the first week of November.

Aquaculture Programme:

All reseachers will be involved in aquaculture activities and research. The aquaculture management programme will be a timeline approach to the production of fingerlings at KIFI. An aquaculture management calender will be developed as part of the aquaculture programme. KIFI does not have production ponds, but effort will be made to establish production data in terms of growth and feed conversion ratios with all male or mixed sex fingerlings under different environmental conditions.

The aquaculture programme will make provision for the development of Biosecurity/health/safety plan/protocol for KIFI inline with OIE and health and safety requirements for an aquaculture research institution. Standard operating procedures will be developed for all the different components (aquaruim, brooding house, hatchery, ponds etc) of acuaculture at KIFI. Registers will be developed to record relevant data (water temperature&quality, number of fish, weight of fish, amount of fish feed given etc) A procurement list will be devoleped for all chemicals and equipment including lab equipment.

The aquaculture programme will be available the first week of November 2013.

Production Planning and Profitability Assessment of Aquaculture Enterprises Training Workshop: 3-11 September 2013

FEEDBACK REPORT by H. Khaebeb and H.Mataya

The short course was presented at the University of Namibia SANUMARC Campus in collaboration with the United Nations University: Fisheries Training Program.

It covered two main areas, mainly production planning and profitability models. The former, deals with the various aspects of production cycle and the cost of production. Whereas the profitability model incorporates all the cost involved: variable and fixed, economic factors, investment / capital and assess the profitability of the enterprise.

The participants included government officials (MFMR) from head/regional offices and IAC's (Inland Aquaculture Centers), representatives of AgriBank and Development bank of Namibia (DBN) and the industry: Mariculture.

The short course was presented by Dr. Pall Jensson, Professor of Engineering Management at the Reykjavik Uiversity and Mr. Arnthor Gustavsson, Lecturer and Research Facility Manager at Holar University College, Iceland.
Participants busy with group work

Lessons Learned

The lessons learned during this training is invaluable as it will aid with production planning at our institutions and fish farms, and also assess emerging and existing aquaculture projects and advice accordingly.

Indeed the aquaculture production modelling and profitability assessment will help farmers, extension officers, researchers and financial institutions to understand how to construct and evaluated production and financial plans in aquaculture. Analyse feasibility and risks in establishment and expansion of aquaculture enterprises.

Prior to the development of ­­production and profitability model, we were taking through various topics namely, fish biology and economics, fish mortality feed and feeding types, economic principles and marketing, production cost , economics of scale as well as basic principles in economics and accounting (NPV,IRR, Cash flow).

Finally, the students participate in group work activities on Uis Aquaculture Fish Farm, EcoFish Farm and Silver Kob experiment at SANUMARC cases. The production and financial (costing) information from each enterprise were fed into production and profitability models.

From the exercise, we learned the importance of quality and accurate data/record keeping and taking various factors into consideration. With the knowledge and skills acquired, we will better plan projects that will be sustainable and viable (profit making).

Thursday, October 10, 2013





10 September 2013
Cheshire Homes, Katima Mulilo


Report compiled by:

Bargrey Kapelwa
Ministry of Fisheries & Marine Resources
Damian Nchindo
Ministry of Fisheries & Marine Resources
Dudu Sibanda
Ministry of Fisheries & Marine Resources
Carol Murphy
NNF/EU Community Conservation Fisheries in KAZA Project
Denis Tweddle
NNF/EU Community Conservation Fisheries in KAZA Project
Clinton Hay
NNF/EU Community Conservation Fisheries in KAZA Project

Government and supporting NGO collaboration with community stakeholders is essential to manage and regulate common pool natural resources, such as fish in floodplain and river systems. To develop improved communication between fisheries stakeholders, the Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources (MFMR), in partnership with the NNF/EU Community Conservation Fisheries in KAZA Project, invited over 50 people from the Traditional Authorities (TA) and Community Based Organisations (CBOs) including Conservancies, in the Zambezi Region, Namibia, to attend an information sharing workshop. Logistics were organised by both the MFMR staff and staff of the NNF/EU Community Conservation Fisheries in KAZA Project. The workshop was well attended and engaged in a general discussion on the status and management of the fisheries in the Upper Zambezi, Chobe, Kwando and Lake Liambezi fisheries.

The workshop was opened by the Acting Honourable Governor Ignatius Chunga. Discussions in the workshop began with presentations during the morning session by staff of the MFMR (Damian Nchindo and Bagrey Kapelwa) and the project executants of the NNF/EU Community Conservation Fisheries in KAZA Project (Denis Tweddle, Clinton Hay).

MFMR’s staff members explained their role in the control and regulation of the fisheries. They described the challenges they are facing with lack of co-operation from communities. Sometimes this has led to harassment of Fisheries Inspectors. Mr Tweddle’s NNF/EU Fisheries Project presentation explained why there is increasing pressure on the fish resources, and demonstrated a rapid decline in fish catch rates that threatens food security in the Region.

Discussions in the afternoon were lively and very constructive. Because of the broad-ranging and extremely valuable debate, initial plans to split the workshop into groups to focus on specific issues and necessary interventions were abandoned. Instead, in the opinion of both the project and the MFMR, a second workshop is essential. This first workshop presented the stakeholders with an overview of the problems and the issues that need to be addressed in the opinion of the project and MFMR. It also produced a very thorough picture of the views of the community leaders and fisheries stakeholders. In a second workshop, after the participants from the first workshop have consulted their communities, the stakeholders can begin discussing in depth the initiatives they will take and the support they will need from the MFMR and project.

Some of the main points of the presentations are as follows:
Fish stocks are in rapid decline as there is huge demand for fish from an increasing population and commercialisation;
Destructive fishing methods* (many of which are illegal) are contributing to the rapid decline;
The MFMR are empowered by Namibian law to act to protect fish stocks; but MFMR cannot be successful if they have to work alone, and they need the co-operation of the Traditional Authorities and the communities.

Themes of the question and answer session included issues of regulation and co-operation (e.g. licences, mesh size, foreign fishers, closed season); the role of the TA in regulation; fish management in Conservancies (e.g. Fish Protection Areas) and improvements to the fish industry (e.g. better markets for fish, fish farming/ranching, capacity building of fish communities).

The full report is available on request

* This includes the use of monofilament gillnets, which have rapidly taken over from multifilament nets and are now causing serious damage, not only to fish stocks but also to other wildlife.