Thursday, March 26, 2015

Workshop to Review Aquaculture Training Documents for Technicians and Fish Farmers: Ongwediva 23-27 March 2015

Video: http://youtu.be/Gr19FGzLFJQ

SOUTH-SOUTH COOPERATION PROGRAMME
GCP/NAM/014/SPA
(Namibia/Vietnam/FAO/Spain)
The South South Cooperation Programme through Öutput 2: "Improved capacities of fish farmers through effective extension services and transfer of technology facilitated by the Directorate of Aquaculture (DoA)" has developed training materials on fish farming in Namibia; and on-job training courses on aquaculture practises to fish farmers throughout the country. These were developed by FAO appointed consultants and as final activity must be revised by the DoA before implementation. The DoA therefore organized the workshop in Ongwediva from 23 to 27 March 2015 for this purpose.
Fisheries Research Technicians and Biologists attending the workshop.  Photo courtesy Dr. Dihn Van Trung

The first 3 days of the workshop was spend to finalise the aquaculture compendium (consisting out of 8 lessons  regarding technical guidance for technicians) and the remaining 2 days was dedicated to the final scrutiny of 6 Aquaculture lessons for fish farmers. The training documents revised at this workshop will be sent to FAO FIRA for technical comments before using it as formal training documents 

The workshop was attended by 20 key participants  from 5 duty stations (Caprivi Regional office, KIFI, Rundu office, Ongwediva & Onavivi IACs, Hardap IAC and Head office) 

The way forward:
  • The 8 lessons used for technicians will be loaded on the website of the MFMR (the links to these lessons will be punlished on this site as well under a dedicated Page for AquacultureTraining materials)
  • The 6 lessons used for fish farmers will be translated into local languages before publishing 

Sunday, March 22, 2015

RESEARCH REPORT: KUNENE RIVER BIOLOGICAL SURVEY, OCTOBER 2014


   Mikael N. Ekandjo (CFRT)
  Gosbert Hamutenya (SFRB)

 October 2014  
           

 The full report is available on request

1. BACKGROUND

The Kunene River originates in the Bie plateau, close to Huambo at about 1750 meters above sea level. The upper 400 km are relatively steep, whereas the middle section has a lower gradient forming a marshy floodplain. When meeting the Namibian border at Ruacana, the river forms a 120 m waterfall and the remaining distance to the sea is steep with a gradient of 1:447. From Ruacana the fast flowing river forms the border between Angola and Namibia. (Tvedten et al 1994) Due to the low population density and the fact that the Himba and Zemba that inhabit the area along the lower Kunene do not utilise the fish as food, the fish stocks are presently not exploited to any significant degree (Tvedten et al 1994, Hay et al, 2008). According to Tvedten et al, (1994), the proposed second hydropower scheme on the lower Kunene River may have an impact on the current situation of freshwater fisheries exploitation as the construction work may brings in fish eater populations from other regions that may influence the local Himba/Zemba communities to start eating fish. In Total 46 fresh water fish species were found in the Namibian part of the Kunene River in the past years. Of those 46, five are endemic to the Kunene River (Hay et al, 2008).
The biological assessment of fish species have been carried out over years. To date, there are data available since 1994, however due to budgetary constraint; this survey was not conducted during 2013. It is therefore a tradition that a similar survey is carried out each and every year during the same season and at designated stations. This is done so that data recorded are comparable to those collected other years. These surveys are carried out, focussing on the biological assessment of the fishery of each river system. This includes species composition, sizes in terms of length and weight as well as reproductive stages. This specific report will mainly focus on species composition at various stations, catch per unit effort (CPUE) and lastly will compare this survey’s fish catches to that of December 2012.

                 1.1.     Study area

The area sampled is part of Kunene River along the Namibia Angola border. Four stations were sampled along the Kunene River, plus Olushandja Dam (Etaka) that directly receive water from the Kunene River via the Kallueque- Oshakati Canal. The four stations along the river are: Hippo Pools, just downstream of Ruacana Hydropower Station, Swartboisdrifft, further downstream of Ruacana, Epupa, immediately upstream of the falls and Otjinugua, further downstream of Epupa Falls (Figure 1). These are among some other stations that have been sampled along the Kunene River for many passed years.
Fig.1. A map showing a study area with various stations sampled (adopted from Hay et al, 2008) 
 Table 1. A table showing sampling stations and their GPS coordinates

2. MATERIALS AND METHODS

                 2.1.     Materials used

        Two panels of gill nets consisting eleven different mesh sizes were used in this survey. 
        The eleven different mesh sizes (12, 16, 22, 28, 35, 45, 57, 73, 93 118 and 150 mm) of 10 m length, multifilament brown gill nets. 
        A 10 m drag net was used to sample smaller fishes that are not caught in gillnets A GRAMI GPS with 5 m accuracy was used to record the positions of sampled sites. 
        A boat mounted with a 25hp engine was used in the river to set nets.
        Two 4x4 cars were used to felly equipments and personnel’s
        A total of six personnel were involved in this survey
        Pasgear habitat and record forms were used to record the data
        Plastic bags and mesh tags were used to carry and indentify catches from each net separate respectively.

                 2.2.     Participants


1. Mikael N Ekandjo (CFRT, Rundu)
2. Gosbert Hamutenya (SFB: Rundu)
3. Erasmus P. Haimene (FRT: Epalela)
4. David Kandunge (FRT: Onavivi)
5. Ismael Kapuka (FRT: Epalela)



Fig. 2. Specimens of a Barbus poechii like species that is referred to as Barbus cf trimaculatus in this report 

3. RESULTS  


3.1. Species Diversity and the Index of Relative Importance

A total of 30 fish species were recorded during the 2014 Kunene Annual Biological survey. The recorded species were ranked based on the Index or Relative Importance (IRI). Of the 30 species caught, the most important species in terms of number was Brycinus lateralis a small characin, amounting to 28.8 % in terms of numbers with an IRI of 36.2 % (Table 1.). This is followed by another characin, Micralestes acutidens with 20.8 % in terms of number, with an IRI 15.3 %. Schilbe intermedius and Labeo ansorgii were the third and fourth most important species caught in terms of both number and weight accounting for 6.5% and 4.4 % in terms of number respectively. However Labeo ansorgii accounted for 12.9 % of weight as compared to Schilbe intermedius 10.1%. With a combination of both weight and numbers, Schilbe intermedius has a high IRI (10.9% as compared to Labeo ansorgii 7.4%.


Although the Kunene River is not exploited commercially, the possible important commercial species such as tilapia and Clarias were among the lowest important species in terms of IRI. This shows that although they are recorded, they may be in a limited numbers as compared to other species.

Measuring and weighing the catch at Swartbois’drif Kunene River, this also involve teaching other participants on features to check when identifying fish species 

4. CONCLUSIONS  


1. The results from this survey indicated that Kunene River is dominated by two smaller characins, Brycinus lateralis and Micralestes acutidens. Tilapias and Clarias are present in a limited numbers.


2. The survey shows no significant differences in CPUE per station, however inter-station differences were observed with Epupa showing a high CPUE in terms of weight while Etaka showing a High


3. CPUE in terms of numbers. Overall, Swarbois’drif recorded the most number of species where as Epupa recorded the least number of species.


4. The two surveys, December 2012 and October 2014 did not show any significant differences in terms of CPUE.

5. RECOMMENDATIONS



1. There is a need for these monitoring and data collection to continue so that data collected over time can be compared to observe the trends.


2. There is a need for a genetic study to study if there are any hybrids between B. poechii and B. trimaculatus.


3. From the results shown by the analysis, this particular survey can be conducted any time between October and December.



4. It is recommended that an inflatable boat be procured to be used in the Kunene Biological Survey replacing the aluminium boats that are always damaged by rough terrain along the Kunene River.


5. The Kunene River mouth should be included as a sampling station 

NTUNDA TILAPIA FESTIVAL & CUISINE COMPETITION: OSHAKATI WEST: 23 MAY 2015

NTUNDA TILAPIA FESTIVAL & CUISINE COMPETITION: 
23TH MAY 2015                        10H00 TILL LATE



The Tilapia fish has its origin in Africa and is now cultivated throughout the world – it is produced on a massive commercial scale and is also referred to as the “Aquatic Chicken”

The purpose of the Ntunda Festival is to promote the consumption of this healthy protein source. The festival coincides with Africa Day; the aim is to celebrate the origin of the specie and to bring together the African people from various walks of life.

Tilapia fish insures good health benefits that include fat burning, improved heart health, decreased risk of weight-related illnesses and improves mental alertness.

THE MAIN ACTIVITY DURING THE FESTIVAL WILL BE A COOKING COMPETITION WHERE PARTICIPANTS MUST PREPARE A CUISINE, USING TILAPIA AS THE MAIN INGREDIENT.

EXHIBITIONS OF TRADITIONAL NAMIBIAN HANDCRAFT AND SALES OF TRADITIONAL FOOD WILL ALSO BE AN ATTRACTION TO VISITORS

THE PUBLIC IS INVITED TO ATTEND THIS FESTIVAL AND TO LEARN AND OBSERVE TECHNIQUES IN THE PREPARATION OF TILAPIA BASED FOODS

THE COOKING COMPETITION SHALL CONSIST OF A FOUR COURSE CUISINE:

SNACK PLATE
APPETISER
ENTRÉE
DESSERT

PARTICIPANTS HAVE TO DESIGN A UNIQUE MEAL AND WILL BE RESPONSIBLE FOR ALL INGREDIENTS. SPECIAL CREDIT WILL BE GIVEN TO THE USE OF ORGANIC AND TRADITIONAL INGREDIENTS.  TILAPIA FISH MUST BE THE MAIN INGREDIENT IN EACH COURSE.

THE COMPETITION WILL START AT 10h00 AND FINAL DESSERT MUST BE READY FOR EVALUATION BEFORE 15h30. 

EACH COURSE WILL BE JUDGED INDIVIDUALLY, ACCORDING TO PRESENTATION, TASTE AND ORIGINALITY.  A PRICE FOR TEAM SPIRIT WILL ALSO BE GIVEN.

FRESH, WHOLE UNCPROCESSED TILAPIA FISH WILL BE SPONSORED BY UIS AQUACULTURAL FARM.

LOTS OF GREAT PRIZES ARE UP FOR GRABS AND INCLUDE:

BEST COURSE (4 Off)
BEST OVERALL
SECOND OVERALL
THIRD OVERALL
BEST PERSONALITY
BEST HANDCRAFT/FOOD STALL

UIS AQUACULTURE FARM WILL HAVE A DEMONSTRATION ON THE OPERATION OF A RECIRCULATION AQUACULTURE SYSTEM. LIVE D.J MUSIC WILL BE PROVIDED. A VARIETY OF FOOD WILL BE ON SALE AND A BEER TENT WITH BAR FACILITIES WILL BE AVAILABLE.
ALL FISH LOVERS, PRIVATE COOKS, CHEFS, MEMBERS OF THE CULINARY INDUSTRY AND LOCAL COMMUNITY ARE INVITED

ENTRY IS FREE. CAMPING AND OVERNIGHT FACILITIES MUST BE ARRANGED WITH THE LODGE
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION OR APPLICATION FOR PARTICIPATION IN THE COMPETITION, OR TO BOOK A STAND FOR EXHIBITION/SALE OF CRAFT AND FOOD, THE FOLLOWING PERSONS CAN BE CONTACTED:

               Diina Nuuyoma                               Tel: 0812783752          e-Mail:2783752@gmail.com
               Linda Visagie                                    Tel:0817202577          e-Mail:lindavisagie@gmail.com
               Johan van der Westhuizen            Tel: 0811410400         e-Mail: tilapia@iway.na
For Accommodation please contact Namibia 2000 Lodges & Safaris
Tel: 065220853                 e-Mail:  admin@namlodge.com

CLOSING DATE OF REGISTRATION 30TH APRIL 2015.

Friday, March 20, 2015

Inland Fisheries Survey and Research Schedule: 2015


The Inland Fisheries Research Survey Schedule is available for download at:

Click on the image for a better view


MLL / L    : Lake Liambezi Monitoring Program / Limnology / UNAM / Polytechnic 
                      (9 Days / Bi – monthly).LogisticsMs V. Mumba
KBBS         : Kavango Biological Survey (15 Days / twice a year). 
                       Logistics – Mr G. Hamutenya
OBS            : Orange River Survey (14 Days / once in a year after every two (2) years). 
                       Logistics – Mr L. Kukuri
ZBS              : Zambezi Biological Survey (25 Days / twice a year). Logistics – Mr Munwela
KBS              : Kunene Biological Survey (9 Days / once in a year after every two (2) years).           Logistics – Mr M. Ekandjo
KGS               : Kunene Genetic Surveys or other systems (9 Days / once a year). 
                          Logistics – Mr M. Ekandjo
CAS                : FAO (MFMR Scientist and NNF). Logistics- Mr. Burger
KSF                : Science Forum Swakop (3 Days) .Logistics – Mr F. Botes
Crockango     : Crockango Angling Competition (4days and one night) - Mr. G Hamutenya
PAR                : Protected Area Research towards M.Sc (2 days, week-ends; Total 63 boat days) 
                          Mr. R. Burger and other professional anglers (up to 8), Research area 
                          Kavango river (Shamvura and Mahangu areas)

  ADDITIONAL NOTES:
-            Fishing competitions and disease surveillance programmes may be slotted at any given time.
-            The ZBS and KBBS are proposed to be done, twice a year to account for species change 
        during high and low water levels.
-           The Kavango, Zambezi and Chobe Rivers are associated with the highly pulsed floods; 
        hence fish composition may vary depending on the magnitude and during of inundation.
-            CAS to include Lessons on Research Design / Proposal Writing and Research Write –up.
-           Frame Survey dates to be announced


Tuesday, March 17, 2015

Broodstock transfer from KIFI for Genetic Selection Project at Onavivi: 16-18 March 2015

Broodstock (3 Spot Tilapia) leaving KIFI for Onavivi Inland Aquaculture Center
Selective Breeding Project 
under the 
SOUTH-SOUTH COOPERATION PROGRAMME
GCP/NAM/014/SPA
(Namibia/Vietnam/FAO/Spain)

The transport of 3-Spot tilapia broodstock from KIFI to Onavivi Inland Aquaculture Center (OIAC) took place on 17 March 2015. The fish arrived at Onavivi IAC on the 18th of March 2015. Two stains of broodstock made the journey. One stain from the Kavango river consisting out of 210 fish (male and female) and one strain from the Zambezi system consisting of only 16 fish. The team from Onavivi collected the Zambezi broodstock from Katima on the 16 th of March and then proceeded to KIFI where the fish were kept overnight in sement holding tanks before reloading them along with the Kavango strain in seperate tanks for the long journey.

These 2 strains of 3-Spot tilapia (Oreochromis andersonii) will join a strain from the Kunene system at Onavivi IAC and will undergo a selective breeding programme for the development of  improved 3- Spot tilapia for commercial production purposes.

The mortality during the transport was quite high with 99 fish of the Kavango strain dead and luckily all 16 of the Zambezi strain surviving. This means that there are 111 of the Kavango strain remaining. In total there are 77 female and 34 male Kavango brood stock surviving and 9 male and 7 female from the Zambezi strain. 
KIFI staff collecting brood stock in the Kavango river during November 2014. Photo courtesy Ms. Kombada


Tate Abner from KIFI scooping the Zambezi broodstock from their holding facility.
Tate Joseph from KIFI adding ice to the transfer tank to keep the fish calm
KIFI and Onavivi staff loosening the harpas where the Kavango broodstock was kept for collection
Helmut busy collecting the Kavango broodstock with a scoop net 
Kavango broodstock being loaded into the transfer tank for the long journey to Onavivi

MINISTER ESSAU ADDRESSES KIFI STAFF: 6 MARCH 2015

Honourable Minister Bernhard Essau addressing KIFI staff members in the KIFI library
Honourable Minister, Bernhard Essau made good on the opportunity to address staff members of  KIFI on his way back to Windhoek from Katima Mulilo where he officially opened the new hatchery at the Zambezi Inland Aquaculture Center. The Hon. Minister highlighted issues pertaining to his staff address to Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources (MFMR) staff that happened on the 25th of February in Windhoek. He  gave ample time to KIFI staff members to interact with him on budget,admin and general issues pertaining to KIFI. 


The Hon. Ministers full address is available at: https://app.box.com/files/0/f/3234983918/Minister_Staff_Address



Staff members were very happy with the Hon. Ministers address and also his understanding and interest with what is happening at KIFI. 


KIFI staff members with Dr. Moses Maurihungirire (far left), Diretor of the Directorate of Aquaculture and Inland Fisheries listening attentively to the Hon. Minister

Thank you Hon. Minister for visiting our center...!!!

Sunday, March 8, 2015

INAUGURATION OF KATIMA MULILO HATCHERY: 5 MARCH 2015



Official unveiling of the Hatchery memorial plate by Honourable Minister, Bernhard Essau and Her Excellency Carmen Diez, Ambassador of Spain to Namibia
Inauguration Ceremony under way at the Zambezi Inland Aquaculture Center  

The official inauguration of the Katima Mulilo Hatchery at the Zambezi Inland Aquacultutre Center (ZIAC) took place on Thursday, 5 March 2015. The official ceremony started at 8:00 and was attended by staff members from the Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources (MFMR), Traditional Authoroties, several other government institutions, the Office of the Mayor, the Office of the Governor, Conservencies and several other stakeholders.

Master of Ceremonies, Ms Ulitala Hivelua, Permanent Secretary of the MFMR

The Permanent Secretary of the MFMR, Ms. Ulitala Hiveluah requested Dr. Moses Maurihungirire to open the proceedings with a prayer before she welcomed all the distinguished guests. Honourable A. Sampofu, Governor for Zambezi Region thanked the MFMR and the Spanish Goverment for the construction of the hatchery and expressed his hope to see an increase in fish farming in his region with the production and distribution of fingerlings from the facility. 

The Ambassador of Spain, Her Excellency, Carmen Diez
The Ambassador of Spain, Her Excellency, Carmen Diez in her remarks reffered to the long term good cooperation between Spain and Namibia in the field of fisheries with this Hatchery the latest contribution from the Spanish Government at a cost of over  N$ 6 million.  She expressed her sincere hope that the hatchery will contribute to increased fish production, nutrition and household income in the Zambezi Region. 

Honourable Bernhard Essau, Minister of the MFMR 

The Keynote Address was delivered by Honourable Bernhard Essau, Minister of the MFMR. The full speech of the Honourable Minister is available at:
https://app.box.com/s/f7j3ryv49207hapq1mu5foyxmg1cf52g


Cultural dances between speeches of dignataries
The final vote of thanks was given by the Katima Mulilo Mayor, His Worship C. Matengu. The Hatchery was then officially opened by Honourable Bernhard Essau and Her Excellency Carmen Diez with the unveiling of the memorial stone and cutting of the ribbon at the hatchery.

The new hatchery facility at Zambezi Inland Aquaculture Center

Jose Maria Martinez Lago (Georgy) the hatchery construction Project Coordinator from CETMAR explaining the operations of the hatchery to Honourable Berhard Essau.

Jose Maria Martinez Lago (Georgy) the hatchery construction Project Coordinator from CETMAR then led the public on an official tour through the facility. The occasion was concluded with delicious refreshments and a media session with NBC.

Breeding ponds with the hatchery and hothouse in the background
Photos of the event is available at: 

Thank you Georgy for your hard work and patience...!!!